The US Battle in Afghanistan: A visible timeline

September 2001: 

On September 11, 2001, between 7 and 9 am, al Qaeda operatives hijack 4 industrial airways and strike the US. Two planes crash into New York's World Commerce Centre, one into the Pentagon in Washington, DC, and the fourth aircraft crashes right into a discipline in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. At the least three thousand folks die. 

The second tower of the World Commerce Heart bursts into flames after being hit by a hijacked airplane, September 11, 2001. [Photo: Reuters]

The towers of the World Commerce Heart pour smoke shortly after being struck by hijacked industrial plane, September 11, 2001. [Photo: Reuters]

A medical rescue helicopter hovered above the Pentagon as firefighters battled flames after Flight 77 crashed into the US army headquarters on September 11, 2001 [Photo: Reuters]

Investigative personnel search the crash web site of United Airways Flight 93 on the lookout for particles and proof on 12 September 2001 in Shanksville, Pennsylvania. The hijacked aircraft crashed, killing all folks on board. [Photo: AFP]

Members of al Qaeda later claimed that the supposed goal of the assaults was the US Capitol constructing in Washington, DC. 

October – December 2001: 

Following the lethal September 11 terrorist assaults, the US launched a conflict on terror in Afghanistan – which was underneath the management of the Taliban, an extremist rebel group. 

Although not one of the hijackers was Afghan, US President George W Bush's administration categorised Taliban leaders as terrorists as a result of they’d given al Qaeda safety and refused handy over its ringleader – Osama Bin Laden. 

Bush authorised using drive towards these chargeable for the assault and signed a joint decision into regulation. This decision later grew to become a authorized rationale for the Bush administration taking sweeping measures to fight terrorism, from breaching the privateness of US residents and eavesdropping on them and not using a court docket order to invading Afghanistan. 

US Marines start to kind up their convoy at a staging space close to Kandahar, as they await orders to start their trek to Kandahar to take management of the airfield, December 13, 2001. [Photo: Reuters]

An Afghan woman friends out from behind a wall at passing US Marines driving inside mild armoured automobiles down Route 4 exterior the Kandahar airport, December 27, 2001. [Photo: Reuters]

Following this, the US formally launched Operation Enduring Freedom and garnered assist towards the Taliban forces from the British, Canada, Australia, Germany and France. In Afghanistan, the Northern Alliance and ethnic Pashtun anti-Taliban forces additionally joined palms with the US. 

Consequently, the Afghan invasion started with airstrikes on the rebel group. Subsequently, the Taliban stronghold crumbled after the coalition and its loss at Mazar-e-Sharif on November 9, 2001. 

Nevertheless, in December, regardless of US intelligence at work and US forces profitable towards al Qaeda militants, Osama Bin Laden escaped. 


March 2002: 

With Osama Bin Laden on the run and al Qaeda militants underneath hiding, the US launched Operation Anaconda towards an estimated 800 al Qaeda and Taliban fighters within the Shah-i-Kot Valley in Afghanistan's Paktia province. 

US Military tenth Mountain Division soldier Jorge Avino from Miami, Florida carves the physique rely that their mortar group has chalked up on a rock, close to the villages of Sherkhankheyl, Marzak and Bobelkiel, in Afghanistan, March 9, 2002. [Photo: Reuters]

Round two thousand US and one thousand Afghan troops fought the militants. Nevertheless, it was in March that US intelligence and Pentagon planners started shifting assets away from Afghanistan within the course of Saddam Hussein's Iraq, citing it as a significant US menace within the conflict on terror. 

US troopers in Iraq, 2002. [Photo: US Department of Defense]


Might – August 2003: 

By Might of 2003, the US had achieved its targets. The leaders of al Qaeda and the Taliban had been both useless, captured or in hiding. Protection Secretary Donald Rumsfield had additionally introduced that main fight operations had led to Afghanistan and President Bush had declared 'mission completed; in Iraq the identical day. 

Protection Secretary Donald Rumsfeld, proper, addresses the media with UK Protection Secretary Geoff Hoon at London's Heathrow, airport Might 2, 2003. [Photo: Reuters]

Nevertheless, as a substitute of withdrawing forces, the US authorities began to blur its strategic goal. In August, the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) assumed management of worldwide safety forces in Afghanistan. 


January – October 2004: 

Hamid Karzai wins the election and turns into the primary democratically elected head of Afghanistan. However in October, Osama Bin Laden resurfaces.

Three weeks after the nation's presidential election, Laden takes duty for the September 11, 2001, terrorist assaults and taunts the Bush administration in a prerecorded video. 

"We need to restore freedom to our nation, simply as you lay waste to our nation," he says within the video. 

A body seize (L) taken 29 October 2004 from a videotape aired by Al-Jazeera information channel exhibits al Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden. [Photo: AFP]



Regardless of the insurgency, Afghans vote within the nation's first free legislative elections in additional than 25 years in September 2005.

As Afghanistan's nation-building marketing campaign continues, the US begins to coach the Afghan Nationwide Police drive. Hamid Karzai and George Bush problem a joint declaration that makes the 2 nations strategic companions. This declaration offers US forces entry to Afghan army amenities and varieties an alliance to strengthen US-Afghan ties. 

Afghan ladies present their inked fingers after they voted throughout parliamentary elections at a mosque used as a polling station within the Afghan capital Kabul, September 18, 2005. [Photo: Reuters]



Regardless of coalition with the US, violence enhance throughout Afghanistan. There’s a four-fold enhance within the variety of suicide assaults and twofold within the variety of detonated bombings. 

Afghanis begin to riot towards American-led army forces. 

Kabul rioters threw rocks at a army automobile belonging to the American-led army forces in Afghanistan. [Photo: AFP]



Taliban Navy Commander Mullah Dadullah is killed in a joint operation by the Afghan, US and NATO forces in southern Afghanistan. 

In line with media stories, Dadullah was a frontrunner of guerrilla forces within the conflict in Helmand province. He was the Taliban's most feared commander and was chargeable for the rise in focused killings and suicide bombings in 2006.

In an interview with the BBC, he as soon as mentioned that scores of suicide bombers awaited his command to launch an offensive towards international troops. 

His demise resulted in elevated US army forces in Afghanistan. 

A French sniper appears by means of his rifle's scope whereas holding watch over Qarabagh district, north of Kabul, November 20, 2007. [Photo: Reuters]



The media is replete with tales of collateral killings in Afghanistan at this time limit. What began as a conflict on terror has became a gunship killing hundreds of harmless Afghan civilians. 

Sgt. William Olas Bee, a US Marine from the twenty fourth Marine Expeditionary Unit, has an in depth name after Taliban fighters opened fireplace close to Garmsir in Helmand Province of Afghanistan, Might 18, 2008. [Photo: Reuters]

US Military troopers and an Afghan policeman take a look at the our bodies of Taliban fighters after a 40-minute gun battle close to the village of Shajoy in Zabol province March 22, 2008. [Photo: Reuters]



Newly elected US President Barack Obama recommits to Afghanistan and pronounces his plan to ship seventeen thousand extra troops to the conflict zone on prime of the sixty-eight thousand in place. 

President Obama additionally pronounces a brand new technique for the previous conflict, linking success in Afghanistan to a secure Pakistan. He pronounces a significant escalation – to 'disrupt, dismantle and defeat' al Qaeda in its alleged protected haven in Pakistan. And to stop their return to Afghanistan and Pakistan.

In October, President Obama commits a further thirty thousand forces to the battle. 

President Karzai welcomes the brand new technique. 

A Canadian military medic examines certainly one of eight kids delivered to a ahead working base after they fell gravely unwell from consuming explosive powder at a house within the Panjwai district of Kandahar province, September 12, 2009. [Photo: Reuters]

Afghan kids take a look at Canadian troopers of the NATO-led coalition whereas they patrol of their compound within the Taliban stronghold of Zhari district in Kandahar province, southern Afghanistan, March 19, 2009. [Photo: Reuters]



NATO member nations signal a declaration agreeing handy over full duty for safety in Afghanistan to Afghan forces by the top of 2014. Nevertheless, the transition course of would start in July 2011. 

An Afghan man is detained by US Marines from the First Battalion, Eighth Marines Bravo Firm at their base in Talibjan after a battle towards Taliban insurgents in Musa Qala district in southern Afghanistan's Helmand province November 7, 2010. [Photo: Reuters]



Osama Bin Laden is killed. 

The al Qaeda ringleader is killed by the US particular forces in Abbottabad, Pakistan. He was buried at sea. 

Concurrently, anti-Pakistan rhetoric grows in Afghanistan the place officers start responsible alleged terrorist camps in Pakistan for violence in Afghanistan. 

The US conflict in Afghanistan marks its tenth anniversary and President Obama plans to withdraw troops from Afghanistan after stress from democrats and US residents.

File Photograph

The grounds of the compound are seen after US Navy SEAL commandos killed al Qaeda chief Osama bin Laden in Abbottabad Might 2, 2011. [Photo: Reuters]

The US hopes for a take care of the Taliban to assist wind down the battle.



As US troops begin exiting the war-ravaged Afghanistan and Afghan officers search a political settlement to make sure a secure Afghanistan, tensions flare because the Taliban droop major talks and accuse the US of reneging on guarantees to take significant steps in direction of a prisoner swap. 

Paratroopers from Chosen Firm of the third Battalion (Airborne), 509th Infantry board a ready CH-47 Chinook helicopter as they start a helicopter assault mission at Fight Outpost Herrera in Afghanistan's Paktiya Province, July 15, 2012. [Photo: Reuters]



Afghan safety takeover is full as Afghan forces take the lead and NATO palms over management of the remaining ninety-five districts. 

A soldier from 1st Platoon, Alpha Firm, 1st Battalion, thirty sixth Infantry leaves a room whereas checking the stock of weapons at Sturdy Level DeMaiwand, Maywand District, Kandahar Province, Afghanistan, January 20, 2013. [Photo: Reuters]



President Obama pronounces troop withdrawal in Might. 

In September, the newly elected President Ashraf Ghani indicators a power-sharing settlement together with his opponent Abdullah Abdullah to keep at bay civil unrest within the nation. 

Smoke and flames rise from gasoline vans after an in a single day assault by the Taliban on the outskirts of Kabul, July 5, 2014. [Photo: Reuters]

A US soldier from the third Cavalry Regiment pays his respects throughout a memorial for Specialist Wyatt Martin and Sergeant First Class Ramon Morris at Bagram Air Subject within the Parwan province of Afghanistan, December 23, 2014. Specialist Martin and Sergeant First Class Ramon had been killed on December twelfth by an improvised explosive gadget whereas on patrol close to Bagram Air Subject. [Photo: Reuters]



Saying the safety scenario in Afghanistan 'stays precarious', President Obama pronounces that as a substitute of dropping the US troop stage to five,500, he’ll hold it at about 8,400 by means of the top of his time period in January 2017.

Additional, the US authorities proposes the US $860 million in assist for Pakistan throughout the 2016-17 fiscal yr, together with $265 million for army {hardware} along with counterinsurgency funds.

US President Barack Obama, surrounded by US Secretary of Protection Ash Carter (L) and the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Workers USMC Basic Joseph Dunford, Jr, (R) delivers an announcement from the Roosevelt Room on Afghanistan on the White Home in Washington US July 6, 2016. [Photo: Reuters]



Because the US elects its new President – Donald Trump – the US assaults the Islamic State militants at a cave close to jap Nangarhar province with its strongest non-nuclear bomb. 

The bombing leads to the US army describing the conflict with the Taliban as a stalemate, whereas suicide bombings in Kabul attain new ranges. 

Because of this, President Trump prolongs the Afghan conflict. 

This {photograph} taken on October 8, 2017 exhibits Afghan Wakhi nomad household posing for an image within the Wakhan Hall in Afghanistan. The area is so distant that its residents, generally known as the Wakhi – a tribe of roughly 12,000 nomadic individuals who populate the world – are untouched by a long time of battle devastating their nation. [Photo: AFP]



The Taliban perform a collection of main assaults following Trump's plans of prolonging the conflict. Whereas the US launches airstrikes towards opium labs to decimate the Taliban funds. 

As well as, the Trump administration additionally cuts off safety help price billions of {dollars} to Pakistan for allegedly harbouring militants. 

Afghan safety personnel and civilians collect subsequent to a broken automotive on the web site of a automotive bomb assault in Kabul on March 17, 2018. [Photo: AFP]



In February, negotiations between the US and the Taliban in Doha enter their highest stage and peace talks between US particular envoy Zalmay Khalilzad and prime Taliban official Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar centre on the US withdrawing its troops from the war-ravaged nation in change for the Taliban blocking worldwide terrorist teams from working on Afghan soil. 

Nevertheless, President Trump abruptly cancels the peace talks after a US soldier is killed in a Taliban assault in September. 

A seventh spherical of talks between the warring sides begins in Qatar’s capital of Doha. [Photo: Reuters]



The Taliban and US signal a peace treaty that paves approach for a drawdown of US troops in Afghanistan and ensures that the Taliban is not going to use Afghanistan for terrorist actions. 

Intra-Afghan negotiations additionally start. 

Nevertheless, the US-Taliban deal doesn’t name for an instantaneous cease-fire, leading to continued airstrikes and dozens of assaults. 

Mullah Abdul Ghani Baradar, the chief of the Taliban delegation, and Zalmay Khalilzad, US envoy for peace in Afghanistan, shake palms after signing an settlement at a ceremony between members of Afghanistan's Taliban and the US in Doha, Qatar February 29, 2020. [Photo: Reuters]



In April, President Joe Biden decides to finish US withdrawal by 9/11. Nevertheless, in a shocking defeat to the US, the Taliban take over Kabul in August.

Whereas President Ghani flees the nation, Biden defends troop withdrawal. 

In these fast-moving developments, the Taliban on Tuesday introduced an all-male interim authorities for Afghanistan stacked with veterans of their hard-line rule from the Nineteen Nineties and the 20-year battle towards the US-led coalition, a transfer that appears unlikely to win the worldwide assist the brand new leaders desperately have to keep away from an financial meltdown.

Taliban fighters pose in Afghanistan’s presidential palace. [File Photo]

Afghan folks climb atop a aircraft as they wait on the Kabul airport. [Photo: AFP]


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