HUSAVIK – Simply off the northern coast of Iceland, scientists are gathering information from whales’ breath to search out out in the event that they get careworn by whale-watching boats, an trade that has boomed in recent times.
Researchers from Whale Sensible, a marine conservation charity, are learning the whales’ stress ranges of their hormones. From their small sailboat, a drone lifts off. After six hours of ready, the scientists have lastly noticed a humpback whale.
Hooked up to the flying machine are two petri dishes — clear cylindrical containers — that can acquire water droplets from the whale’s spray.
The timeframe to gather the pattern is brief — the length of a whale’s breath.
This time, the drone flies over the whale fastidiously, crossing via the spray coming from the whale’s blowhole… and mission completed. It returns to the sailboat, delivering its valuable cargo to the researchers. As soon as wrapped in paraffin and frozen, the samples will probably be despatched to a laboratory for evaluation. The researchers purpose to gather samples earlier than a whale watching boat arrives after which afterwards, then evaluate the 2 samples to find out the direct influence of that encounter on stress ranges.
Vacationers have been more and more flocking to the waters of the North Atlantic off Iceland to admire the majestic creatures, although 2020 was a quiet yr as a result of pandemic.
Greater than 360,000 whale watchers had been registered in 2019, thrice the quantity a decade in the past.
Virtually a 3rd of them started their whale watching tour within the Husavik harbour, heading for the chilly waters of Skjalfandi Bay.
Earlier research on tourism’s influence on whales, which had been primarily based on behavioural observations, concluded that tourism brought about solely minor disruptions to the mammals.
The latest research, from 2011, discovered that whale-watching excursions had been disrupting minke whales within the Faxa Bay close to Reykjavik, within the south of the nation.
“We discovered that the minke whales had been disturbed of their feeding, nevertheless it was solely a short-term disturbance,” one of many authors of the research, Marianne Rasmussen, director of the College of Iceland Analysis Heart in Husavik, instructed AFP.
“It didn’t have an effect on their general health.”
The tactic utilized by Whale Sensible this summer time has been used elsewhere by biologists however this was a primary for researchers in Iceland.
“From the samples, you possibly can take a look at hormones akin to cortisol, which is a stress-related hormone, after which you possibly can decide the physiological stress ranges of those whales,” mentioned Tom Grove, Whale Sensible co-founder and a PhD pupil on the College of Edinburgh.
Since 2018, 59 samples have been collected. Whereas a minimal of fifty are wanted for a correct evaluation, he hopes to gather round 100.
This summer time, a number of the samples had been collected along with French environmental group Unu Mondo Expedition, which travelled to Iceland for a month-long expedition to check local weather change points.
“The whales are vital to us, for our lives, as a result of they’re a part of the ecosystem on our planet,” mentioned Sophie Simonin, 29, the organisation’s co-founder.
“In addition they take in huge quantities of carbon dioxide,” she added.
In response to a December 2019 research by the Worldwide Financial Fund, a big whale captures a mean of 33 tonnes of carbon dioxide.
Whereas whales are a vacationer attraction, they’re additionally hunted in Iceland.
The Worldwide Whaling Fee banned business whaling in 1986, however Iceland, which opposed the moratorium, resumed its hunt in 2003.
Iceland solely bans the hunt of blue whales.
However whereas the nation has established an annual quota of 209 fin whales and 217 minke whales till 2023, no whales had been hunted this yr for the third straight yr, as whalers say it’s not financially viable.